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What Are Reparations

Reparations is a process of repairing, healing and restoring a people injured because of their group identity and in violation of their fundamental human rights by governments, corporations, institutions and families. Those groups that have been injured have the right to obtain from the government, corporation, institution or family responsible for the injuries that which they need to repair and heal themselves. In addition to being a demand for justice, it is a principle of international human rights law. As a remedy, it is similar to the remedy for damages in domestic law that holds a person responsible for injuries suffered by another when the infliction of the injury violates domestic law. Examples of groups that have obtained reparations include Jewish victims of the Nazi Holocaust, Japanese Americans interned in concentration camps in the United States during WWII, Alaska Natives for land, labor, and resources taken, victims of the massacre in Rosewood, Florida and their descendants, Native Americans as a remedy for violations of treaty rights, and political dissenters in Argentina and their descendants.

Baba Jahahara is an N'COBRA Life Member who has helped popularize the fight for reparations.

In The Photo Above: Baba Jahahara is an N'COBRA Life Member and Past National Male Co-Chair who has helped popularize and organize for Reparations while residing and working in Chicago, New York City, the Oakland/San Francisco & California Bay Area around the Afrikan continent and diaspora. In 2014, he retired as a labor union activist and negotiator, commUNITY worker, solar designer and environmental justice fighter.  For more than 50 years, he has utilized his people skills, writings, music, art and Ma’at Spiritual work to promote Pan Afrikan Unity, revolutionary (inter)nationalism, human rights for the imprisoned, anti-corporate capitalism-imperialism and socialism.

What Forms Should Reparations Take?


Reparations can be in as many forms as necessary to equitably (fairly) address the many forms of injury caused by chattel slavery and its continuing vestiges. The material forms of reparations include cash payments, land, economic development, and repatriation resources particularly to those who are descendants of enslaved Africans. Other forms of reparations for Black people of African descent include funds for scholarships and community development; creation of multi-media depictions of the history of Black people of African descent and textbooks for educational institutions that tell the story from the African descendants’ perspective; development of historical monuments and museums; the return of artifacts and art to appropriate people or institutions; exoneration of political prisoners; and, the elimination of laws and practices that maintain dual systems in the major areas of life including the punishment system, health, education and the financial/economic system. The forms of reparations received should improve the lives of African descendants in the United States for future generations to come; foster economic, social and political parity; and allow for full rights of self-determination.

Who Should Receive Reparations?

Within the broadest definition, all Black people of African descent in the United States should receive reparations in the form of changes in or elimination of laws and practices that allow them to be treated differently and less well than White people. For example, ending racial profiling and discrimination in the provision of health care, providing scholarship and community development funds for Black people of African descent, and supporting processes of self-determination will not only benefit descendants of enslaved Africans, but all African descendant peoples in the United States who because of their color are victims of the vestiges of slavery. This is similar to the Rosewood, Florida reparations package, where some forms of reparations were provided only to persons who descended from those who were injured, died and lost their homes and other forms were made available to all Black people of African descent in Florida.

African American Man holding a sign saying "400 plus years of injustice"

Why Are African Descendants Entitled To Reparations?

A photo of a pile of metal  bracelets worn to signify different African Tribes and cultures.

The Trans-Atlantic Slave “Trade” and chattel slavery, more appropriately called the Holocaust of Enslavement or Maafa,/ Maangamizi was and is a crime against humanity. Millions of Africans were brutalized, murdered, raped and tortured. They were torn from their families in Africa, kidnapped and lost family and community associations. African peoples in the United States and the prior colonies were denied the right to maintain their language, spiritual practices and normal family relations, always under the threat of being torn from newly created families at the whim of the “slave owner.” Chattel slavery lasted officially from 1619 to 1865. It was followed by 100 years of government led and supported denial of equal and humane treatment including Black Codes, convict lease, sharecropping, peonage, and Jim Crow practices of separate and unequal accommodations. African descendants continue to be denied rights of self-determination, inheritance, and full participation in the United States government and society. The laws and practices in the United States continue to treat African peoples in a manner similar to slavery – maintaining dual systems in virtually every area of life including punishment, health care, education and wealth, maintaining the myths of White superiority and African and African descendants’ inferiority.

This is a Swahili term meaning disaster that has been used for a number of years to describe these conditions and has been used most notably in the writings and presentations of Marimba Ani, Ph.D., noted African-centered anthropologist and activist.

N'COBRAs 36th
Anniversary Celebration &
National Membership Drive!


This was more than a party, celebrating 36 years of contributing significantly to building & sustaining The Black Reparations Movement for slavery and it's continuing legacy, with live music, keynote speakers, dancing and more!

We're Inviting You To Come Celebrate!

Come Enjoy This Historic Event & All The Goodies, VIRTUALLY!

Receive This & More, Just For You!

Click Below To Grab Your Membership & Claim Your Bonus Ticket To See This Entire Historical Event!

Let's Celebrate Together

Event Preview Highlights

N'COBRA 36th Anniversary Celebration & National Membership Drive

(click the image to see the entire gallery & more!)

Our National Membership Drive

Make sure that you aren't just standing on the sidelines and become a part of this historical movement for years to come by enrolling or renewing your membership with N'COBRA.

Members are able to enjoy many benefits, exclusive to membership holders only, for joining us tin the fight for reparations and justice for all our people who have been affected by slavery in America.


Don't just talk about what needs to be done,

join us in the fight and growing progress for reparations for our people.

Your N'Cobra membership is more than a statement...

  • Your membership is a vote for Reparations. It's an acknowledgement that the enslavement of African Slavery was wrong

  • You are a part of the greatest movement for justice for African Americans

  • You are helping to give voice to the voiceless. Over 100 million black lives were sacrificed In the American Holocaust of African Enslavement.

  • You are helping to better the conditions of Black People in America

  • You personally will feel better by knowing you are doing your part to make America better by making the country face it's evil past and atoning for it

  • You are helping to create a better society for our future generations

  • You are helping America and the world address its Race Issues

  • You are helping to close the huge wealth gap between Blacks & Whites in America

To register for, renew your membership, or find our more info with N'Cobra

click the button below

Grab Your Commemorative
36th Year Anniversary T-Shirts

Before They're Gone!

A True Historical Collectors Item

Click the button below to order this exclusive item.

Limited supply available, order yours now before they are all gone!

Ncobra annivesary shirt
Ncobra annivesary shirt

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Please include your quantity, color, and shirt size in your order.

Current News & Events

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News &  Resource  Center

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250 years of slavery. 90 years of Jim Crow. 60 years of separate but equal. 35 years of racist housing policy. Until we reckon with our compounding moral debts, America will never be whole.

2022 Convention Highlights

2022 Convention Opening Plenary &
Town Hall Mtg

2022 African Gala Highlights

2022 Reparations Sunday Honoring Ancestors

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Representatives of the Town of Amherst, Mass. African Heritage Reparation Assembly presented a powerful presentation at the 2022 NCOBRA National Convention. Visit the Town’s page for updates here.

Regional Events

Southwest Region Reparations Awareness Teach-In

Upcoming Events

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National Convention June 22 - 25, 2023

Oakland Marriott City Center
1001 Broadway
Oakland, California

Register Now!
Click Here


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register for this event!


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Empower Our

Protest of African Americans marching over a bridge for justice for African Americans.

We're Inviting You To Come Celebrate!

Come Enjoy This Historic Event & All The Goodies Just For You . 

Click Below To Grab Your Membership & Your Bonus Ticket To See This Entire Historical Event!

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